The 'Picual' variety, also called 'Marteño' and 'Nevadillo', along with other names, is one of the most commonly harvested variety in the world, with a surface area greater than a million hectares, of which 850,000 are planted in Spain. It is the dominant variety in the province of Jaén, with more than 95% of the olive grove surface area and around 600,000 ha harvested. It is geographically present throughout all other Spanish groves, especially in the provinces of Cordoba, Granada and Ciudad Real, all bordering Jaén.
This variety is clearly in expansion throughout the olive sector, with presence in all five continents. This is the fastest expanding variety of all those harvested. Its expansion is due to the agricultural characteristics and the composition of its oils.
The Picual variety comes from very vigorous trees, providing premature and high productivity without needing to alternate production often. It is characterized by its excellent adaptability to mechanical picking, both because of the size of the fruit and its separation ease.